Screw Compressors are rotary positive displacement machines. Although the working principle of these machines is simple, the geometry of rotors which are in the form of multi -lobe helical screws meshing with each other, is making analysis by use of Computational Fluid Dynamics challenging. The process starts when the lobes are engaged at one end, which creates continuous increase of the volume between the rotors and the casing which reduces pressure in the suction domain and draws the working fluid in. Further rotation of the rotors makes this volume between the rotors and the casing enclosed when the compression of fluid begins. This increases the pressure within the chamber. Further rotation exposes the pressurized fluid to the outlet port and the fluid is delivered. Similar process is occurring in other helical screw machines such as pumps, vacuum pumps, gear pumps, expanders, extruders and motors. CFD analysis is equally challenging in such machines due to sliding and stretching
The main objectives of CFD simulations of a screw compressor are to:
SCORG is a tool for the design and CFD pre-processing of rotary twin screw machines. Apart of the main functionality to construct deforming grids in the rotor domain of a twin screw machine, the software includes additional modules for handling rotor profiles, executing a basic thermodynamic calculation based on chamber model and generating the pre-processing setup routines for selected commercial CFD solvers.
Grid generated on the rotors is presented in the image and some other results can be seen in below videos.
Watch Video: Gas Temperature showing leakage in the interlobes
Active research has been pursued in the field and experimental investigations are being used to improve the capabilities of CFD models using SCORG.
One such results has been highlighted here which shows a comparison of flow field visualised by high speed camera in the compressor suction and the flow predicted by simulation.
Male Rotor Flow Visualisation
Female Rotor Flow Visualisation
Watch Video: Gas Pulsation in the Suction flow
References on the subject: